Renzo Piano - Auditorium Parco Della Musica.
Parco Della Musica is composed of three seperate halls, Santa Cecilia which can seat 2,800 people, Sinopoli which can seat 1,200 people and the Petrassi which can seat 750 people. The
shape of the three halls were inspired by musical instruments. It not only has three halls but a theatre studio, studio 1,2,3 a foyer and a cavea (Latin term for seating round an amphitheater). Each of the three halls is different in size and has been constructed with the aim of satisfying the need of any musical genre.
The Santa Cecilia Hall can be used for large orchestral and symphonic concerts. The covering shell vaults, of exceptional sizes are made with frames of girders of glue laminated wood
combined with steel elements. Towards the middle of the stage is surrounded y the “vineyards” (which is seated places that rise like a valace around the stage.) The innovative concept is
that of the suspended ceiling, it is made with 26 shells of American cherry wood, each one has a 180 square metre surface. The pit and the galleries are veneered with wood in order to make a
harmonic chamber out of the hall guaranteeing excellent acoustic. The sinopoli hall, because of its greater acoustic flexibility it is more suitable for a great variety of musical genres. The hall
is mainly for symphonic music with or without a choir. The sinopoli hall’s main feature is its extremely flexible stage. The possibility of changing the size of the stage, of the choir, of the
orchestra and of the audience allows the sound reverberation tuning. This means that ballet, contemporary music concerts and other types of shows can be held there.
The petrassi is the smallest hall but is a real musical theatre, there is a pit for the orchestra and the stage is well equipped to allow for stage and dress changes. The two stage flank
walls can rotate by 90 degrees and has Italian made drop curtains which are for the opera and theatrical shows. By keeping the flank walls in the original position allows a so called
“open Scene” stage that can be used for chamber and symphonic music concerts as well as theatre performances and screen projections. The Petrassi hall has been assigned to contemporary music genres, theatre performances and cinema, this is because it has a in built system that allows both musical source and the audience to be shifted and the sound reverberation tuned.
The theatre studio can seat up to 350 people and is used as a multi functional space. The Cavea is the open air amphitheater at the centre of the auditorium which can hold up to 3,000
spectators. The cavea, named after the composer luciano berio, is the physical demonstration of the main concept behind the whole auditorium project, it acts as a open air amphitheater and
a square. The cavea has gradually become a meeting place, it is now part of the urban context and is used in everyday life as a normal city square.
Apart from the exclusive areas dedicated to music the auditorium also has spaces for conferences, debates, meetings with composers and musicians, research (there is a library and a listening room) and didatic purposes (vocal, musical and multimedia workshops). There is also a bar, bookstore and a restaurant where people may take a pleasant rest.